GM’s Deadly Sin #23: Name And Form

Name and form visuddhimagga compilation Buddhaghosa Path of Purification commentaries

(originally posted at TTAC in 2008 as GM Death Watch #189; reposted at CC on 5/21/2015)

In the ancient Buddhist text Visuddhi-Magga, “name” and “form” are described as powerless in their respective isolation. But when they propitiously combine and mutually support one another, they attain power and “spring up and go forth.” GM’s announcement that the 2010 Chevy Cruze would [eventually] replace the Cobalt marks a dubious milestone in its continuing struggle to establish a lasting presence in the all-important compact car market. The Cruze will be the recipient of the eightieth (or more) name that GM has used on one of its mid-sized or smaller sedans since 1968.

Why 1968? It’s the year Toyota introduced the Corolla. We could have started with 1973 (Civic), 1976 (Accord) or 1982 (Camry). But you get my drift: consistency and the lack thereof.

Toyota 1968 CorollaBrochure

longest continuous name except for Corvette

A recent QOTD posed the question “Why are the Japanese so smart (successful)?” Smartness may have little to do with it. Try “tenacious” or “one-pointed.” The last Japanese soldiers in the Philippine jungle didn’t surrender until 1974, and then only after their [former] commanding officers were flown-in with written proof that the war was over. The soldiers’ rifles and ammo were still in perfect condition. I suspect strongly that my (possible) grandchildren might still be cross-shopping Corollas.

Vega 1971 -ad

When GM’s obituary is written, it will be long and complicated. But this line alone would be adequate: “they failed to execute a consistent program of small car development and refinement.” Yes, there were random moments of transcendence: ….Opel 1900, and…. your nominations, please. Lots of these vehicles had one, sometimes even two uplifting features. The Vega, for example, was button-cute and handled quite well.

But GM’s utter lack of a consistent effort to cultivate any continuity, build name and, thereby, brand equity, is distinctly unenlightened. Even with its competitive Japanese captive imports (GEO), GM displayed ignorance. The current version of the Metro, Suzuki’s Swift, is a highly regarded sub-compact. It would likely beat the pants off the Daewoo-sourced Chevy Spark.

Despite GM’s claims to have learned from their mistakes, their (re)naming mania continues. The Cruze will supplant/replace the Cobalt. Is this a tacit admission that the Cobalt failed to live up to its makers’ grand ambitions when it replaced the Cavalier?

Instead, GM stumbles blindly down the same road of ignorance it has traveled so many times before. When the Cruze arrives in 2010, the Cobalt will continue as the low MSRP/fleet queen special. In GM’s high-priest Bob Lutz’s own words of prophesy, “the Cobalt is nowhere near the end of its life-cycle.” Great; think immortal Buick Century and Chevy Malibu. Classic fleet-mobiles. Not only is GM living in delusion about building name equity, it has become the Shiva of car names.

Corvette 60 yearsofcorvette

Ironically, GM religiously guards the one exception, the longest-lived continuous name plate in the whole industry: Corvette. Need I say more? The Corvette is the perfect antithesis to everything that has ailed GM in its passenger car programs. The ‘Vette offers its devotees– and they are legion– sixty years of focus and improvement, if not always in a perfectly straight line.

I’m not implying that name continuity guarantees success. But it tends to be emblematic of the pride and perseverance that a successful automaker commits to its cars. Think BMW 3-series. Mercedes S-Class. And it sure helps with top of mind name recognition: When a supplicant asks the auto-guru for a recommendation for a good compact car, he can always say “Civic” in an eye-blink without ever having to stretch the brain cells trying to remember what GM’s current offerings are called.

CC 159 083 800

For what it’s worth, Toyota’s only name-and-form stumble corresponded with relatively weak sales. The all-new Yaris (European Car of the Year 2000) was inexplicably called Echo for North America, as well as suffering from an ugly trunk and mug. It ended a long streak of popular sub-compact Tercels. Anyway, Toyota’s eleven small and mid-size car names in forty years (Crown, Cressida, Matrix, Tercel, Echo, Yaris, Corona, Mark II, Carina, Camry and Corolla) seem downright profligate compared to Honda.

Honda civic-accord-top-sellers

Civic and Accord. Name and form. Two of the consistently-best selling cars in the land have “sprung up and gone forth” for some forty years. Automotive immortality attained. Note to GM: endless reincarnation is not a goal worthy of aspiration. Bad karma.


Postscript: Here’s the eighty GM small-midsize cars I came up with at the time. There likely are more, new ones and forgotten ones: CHEVROLET: Corvair, Vega, Monza, Chevette, Citation, Citation II, Sprint, Cavalier, Corsica, Beretta, Cobalt, Aveo, ChevyII, Nova, Celebrity, Chevelle, Malibu, Classic, Impala; GEO: Prizm, Storm, Metro, Spectrum SATURN: 300, ION, Aura, Astra PONTIAC: Astre, Sunbird, LeMans, Ventura, Phoenix, T-1000, J-2000, 1000, 2000, Grand Am, Sunfire, Vibe, G-5, Tempest, Ventura, Ventura II, 6000, STI, G-6, Grand Prix, OLDS: Omega, Starfire, Firenza, Achieva, Alero, F-85, Cutlass, Cutlass Ciera, Ciera, Cutlass Supreme, Intrigue, BUICK: Kadett, 1900, Manta, Skyhawk, Somerset Regal, Somerset, Special, Skylark, Apollo, Century, Regal, LaCrosse, CADILLAC: Cimarron, Catera, SAAB: 900, 9000, 9-3, 9-5, 9-2,

I’m pretty sure the list can be expanded to possibly 100.