Curbside Classic Central: European Brands

The following are full-length features for passenger cars, CUVs and minivans.  Pickups, SUVs, full-size vans and all other trucks are archived in the “Trucks, Pickups and Vans” Portal.  Buses are archived in their own Portal.  For other CC features that are not archived here, use the “Search Curbside Classic” box on the right side of the page. NOTE: UK Brands have their own portal.

Alfa Romeo

Alfa in Brazil: A Matter of Pride and Confusion   Rubens

1975 Alfetta GTV Coupe: A La Moda Italiano

1975 Alfetta Sedan: Broken Promise

Alfasud Sprint: The Scirocco’s Suicidal Kissing Cousin   PN

1985-1992 75 (Milano) : Alfa Romeo’s Swansong   Mads Jenson

1986 Spider Veloce: A Work In Progress, For Four Decades

1992 Alfa 164 Sedan: She Has A Great Personality (Capsule)

1993 Alfa 164: Alfa’s American Farewell Present

1996 Spider: Forbidden Italian Fruit


Alpine A 106 – How We Found One Of The Rarest French Cars Ever

1971-1976 Alpine A310: Bittersweet Edge   D.Andreina


Arbel Symetric: The Atomic Prius That Came and Went   Tatra87


ARO 244: AROmanian 4×4  Robert Kim

Aston Martin

1934 Aston Martin Ulster   David Saunders


1973 Audi 100 Coupe S — Spot The Influences?   Aaron65

1973 Audi 100LS – Keep It Beautiful  Perry Shoar

Audi Fox/80 (B1) – The Foxy Mother Of The Modern VW/Audi Era

1980 4000  (COAL)  Jim Klein

1983 – 1991 5000/100 (C3): A Picturebook Story Of The Very Model Of A Modern Car

1990 100  Tom Klockau

1984 GT Coupe (COAL)  Jim Klein

1984 Audi Sport Quattro – I Drove My Hero  Jim Klein

1991 200 Avant: Doing It Right  Perry Shoar

1993 90 Quattro: Forgotten, But Not Gone  Brendan Saur

1999 A8 4.2 Quattro: Close But No “Ziggare”  Brendan Saur

2001-2005 Audi A2 1.2 TDI: Vorsprung Durch Technik


1982 A112 Junior   PN


Avia 20f: Still Hard At Work In Russia   Stanislav Alexeyev


Bitter SC – Hard Feelings All Around   Perry Shoar


1950s BMW V8 Cars: BMW’s Brush With Death – A German Deadly Sin   Tatra87

1964 1800 Neue Klasse: The Car That Saved And Made BMW

1970 3.0 CSi: The Neue Klasse’s Valedictorian (Capsule)

1974 3.0 CS: The Ultimate Driving Legacy   Eric703

1975 530i  (E12) My First Car, Age 15    R Swartz

1975 530i Vintage R&T Review  PN

1976 2002: The Ultimate Big-Bumpered Driving Machine

1977-83 320i (E21): The Ur-Ultimate Driving Machine  Robert Kim

1983 757: And That’s Not A Typo (E23)

1985 318i: Teutonic Respite At The Tail End Of The Great Brougham Epoch

1985 635 CSi: Love or Lust     Paul N

1986 528e: The Low Rev Modest Driving Machine

1986 528i (Euro-version) My Curbside Classic – The Ecstasy Of Beige, Part 1

1986 635 CSi (E24): She’s A Little Bit Dangerous, She’s Got What It Takes To Make Ends Meet  Brendan Saur

1987 M6 (E24): The Ultimate Driving Machine For The Decade Of Excess  Brendan Saur

1989 735iL (E32): Bavaria Builds A True Flagship  Brendan Saur

1992 525i (E34): The Red Bimmer Of My Childhood Dreams  Brendan Saur

1994 325i (E36): Have We Moved On?  Perry Shoar

1995-99 3-Series Compact: The Bob-Tailed Bimmer  William Stopford

850i And 840Ci: Nineties Icon Or Technological Overkill?

2002 530i (E39): Peak 5 Series  Brendan Saur

2008 328xi Touring (E90): SUVs Are So Overrated (Driving Impressions)  Brendan Saur

2016 228i xDrive (F22): There’s No Point In Living If You Can’t Feel Alive (COAL)  Brendan Saur


Borgward: A Four-Wheeled Titanic Named Borgward – A German Deadly Sin   Tatra87


Type 101:  A French Deadly Sin   Tatra87


Citroen Traction Avant  Robert Kim

Avant-Garde Citroen Traction Avant 22CV  Robert Kim

Citroen 15 Six History  Tatra87

Citroen 15 Six CC    Tatra87

H-Van: The French Tin Goose   Paul N

1950 Citroen 15-Six: Double Oxymoron

1969 2CV: The Most Original Car Ever Paul N

2CV Hoffman Cabriolet: The Ultimate Chick Magnet?  Paul N

Citroen ID – The Goddess Storms The Bastille of Convention   Roger Carr

The Surprisingly Complex History of the Ami   Spridget

1972 Citroen SM – Gran Touring, Franco-Italian Style  Tom Klockau

1972 SM Opera: The Final Stretch   Tatra87

Citroen CX Pallas D – Modernism’s Last Stand   Perry Shoar

Citroen GS – One For the Anoraks (Cohort Capsule)  Perry Shoar

Citroen GS Birotor: A Deadly Sin   Tatra87

1990 BX 19 CGD: Some Peugeot Bones Well Hidden In A Citroen Suit (Capsule)

2006-12 Citroen C6 – Classic French Luxury For The 21st Century


1946 Cisitalia 202 GT : The First Modern Fastback


DAF 66: Four Decades of Dutch Continuous Variability  Robert Kim


1897 Motor Trike (History)   PN

DKW/Auto Union

DKW Schnellaster (History): The Mother OF All Modern Minivans?    Paul N

1958 DKW Schnellaster   PN

1958 DKW Sonderklasse 3=6 (F94): The Proto-Audi

1962 Junior DeLuxe   GGH06


1958-1961 Facel Vega Excellence   Imperialist

Facel Vega Facel II   Rich Swartz

Facel Vega Facellia  A French Deadly Sin    Tatra87


Testarossa: The Thrill Is Gone, For Now

1985 Mondial QV   Dave Skinner

1994 348 Spyder – Paging Christie Brinkley   Brendan Saur


1959 Fiat 600 Multipla: The Original Mini-Van?

Fiat 600 Multipla Found in Berkeley   PN

1964 Fiat 1500 Spider/Cabriolet: The Ferrari 250 GT Wanna-Be

Fiat 850 Spider – Reminder of a Happier Day (Cohort Sighting)  Perry Shoar

1969 Fiat Abarth 1000: The Little Mouse That Roars   PN

1969-1985 128: The Fiat W Must Remember   P.Shoar

1970 Fiat Dino Coupe: A Delectable Fastback

1974 Fiat 124 Sport Spider: My Dad’s Last Toy

1980 Brava (131)  David Saunders

1985-89 Regata: Free Of Brio   William Stopford

Ford (Germany)

1964-1967 Taunus    Robert Kim

1971- 1978 Capri: Ponycar Reborn

1975 Cortina 1600XL: The Swiss Army Knife Car  Roger Carr

1985-89 Merkur XR4Ti: Too Close To The Sun  William Stopford

1988 Merkur (Ford) Scorpio: Nice Landing, Wrong Airport


GAZ-21    Stanislav Alexeyev

GAZ-24 Volga   Robert Kim

GAZ-13 Chaika   Paul N

GAZ-66  Robert Kim


Glas: The Shattered Ambitions Of Glas – A German Deadly Sin   Tatra87


Goggomobil (Cohort Capsule)   Paul N


Horch 855 Special Roadster  Robert Kim

Horch P240 Sachsenring Repräsentat: East Germany Tries and Fails To Build a Luxury Car   PN


Hotchkiss-Gregoire:  A Deadly Sin   Tatra87


DeTomaso Turbo: An Exotic Baby Turchia


Lada Niva: From Russia With Lada Love

Lada Niva For Sale  Robert Kim

Niva Pickup Truck

1988 Samara   David Saunders


5 Liter: May the Force Be With You


1971 Espada S2   Jim Cavanaugh


1966 Flaminia Super Sports   G. Solis

Fulvia Coupe  Paul N

1967-1969 Flavia Coupe   R. Kim

Fulvia Coupe (Capsule)  Roger Carr


Lloyd History: Crushed by VW   PN

1959 Alexander TS 600  PN


1977 Esprit S1: Colin Chapman Takes Up Oregami


1957-1960 3500 GT – The Italian Thunderbird M. Spencer

1984 Biturbo Si: Sexy, Immobile

1986 Biturbo Spyder: Do You Feel Lucky?


MAZ-79092 — I’m a Rocket Maz  Robert Kim


1951-1962 Mercedes 300 (W186&189): The Adenauer Mercedes, A Timeless Classic  PN

1963 230SL: Big Shoes To Fill

1966 250SE Cabriolet (W111): The Classiest Mercedes Of Them All?

1966 250s (W108): Cadillac Und Lincoln Kaput

Mercedes 300SEL (W109) – Trying To Make Sense Of The Magic Number “300″  Don Andreina

1970 220D: Ride In Teutonic Luxury (With 65HP)

1973 220 Diesel: I Drive The Second Slowest Car Sold In America   Paul N

1973 450 SE (W116)   Jason Shafer

1977 450 SEL 6.9: Deutsches Heavy Metal

1985 Mercedes 300D Turbodiesel: More Than A Fashion Statement  Perry Shoar

1987 560 SEL (W126): The Flagship Of The Eighties  Brendan Saur

1983-1993 Mercedes 190 (W201)   Perry Shoar

1989 300 TE: Still A Classy Alternative (W124)  Brendan Saur

Mercedes E-Class (W124): The Best Car Of The Past Thirty Years   Paul N

Mercedes C-Class (W202): What Are You Good For?  Perry Shoar

1995-2004 MB100/MB140: Kim Chi Sauerkraut   William Stopford

1995 S320 (W140) Over-Engineered To The Point Of Excess   Brendan Saur

1996 -2003 W210 E-Class: Mercdes’ Deadly Sin #2   N. Tate

1996 S600 Coupe V12 (My CC)  Steve E.

1998-2005 M-Class (W163)   Brendan Saur

2003 ML 350 (W163) Mercedes’ Deadly Sin #1   Gerardo Solis

2007 Mercedes-Benz R63 AMG: The Least Desired AMG? (Future Classic)  Gerardo Solis

2011 GL450 4Matic (COAL)  Jim Klein

2014 CLA250 4Matic (Driving Impressions)  Brendan Saur

Mercedes Trucks

1959-95 Mercedes L-Series Trucks   Robert Kim

L319D Camper Van: The Globe Trotter (Capsule)   Paul N

207D (T1) And Other Vintage Mercedes Vans  Paul N


FMR Messerschmitt Kabinenroller  Paul N


Monica 560  A French Deadly Sin   Tatra87


Moskvitch 2142 Prince Vladmir   Paul N


Ro80: The Tragic Automotive Goddess   PN


1960-1963 Kapitän (P2) – Der Deutsche Buick  PN

1966 – 1973 Opel Kadett B – It Dethroned the Volkswagen

1968 GT: Jutta’s Daily Driver

1968 Kadett Rallye 1900: The European GTO Which Up-Ended The Old World Order

1969 Kadett: Buick Dealers Really Sold These?

1971 Opel 1900 – Wild Ascona  Joseph Dennis

1973 Admiral: This Could Have Been The Seville   PN

1975 1900: What The Vega Could Have Been

1975 Manta (With 3.1 L V6)   Paul N

1978 Kadett (C) City Berlina: The German Chevette   David Saunders

1978 Rekord 2.0S (E1)  And Rekord History    Paul N

Opel Ascona C: The Genuine European J Car   PN

1984 Senator (Road Test)    Richard


Panhard: Back To The Future (Illustrated History)   PN

Dyna Z/PL17: Pnahard’s Deadly Sin   Tatra87

Panhard Dyna Junior Roadster: How Did You End Up Here Like This?  PN

Panhard Dyna Z: The Lowest Priced Six Passenger Car In France! (Cohort Sighting)  Perry Shoar


Peugeot History: The Early Years (1899 – 1939)   PN

The World’s Greatest Wagons: Peugeot 203, 403, 404, 504, 505 – An Illustrated History  PN

1937 302 Art Deco Peugeot   R Carr

1948 202: The Baby Chrysler Airflow   Paul N

1951 203 Former Race Car: World’s Fastest 203?  Dawid Botha

403 Sedan and Cabrio: The Beginning of the Pininfarina Era   PN

1969  404: The CC Holy Grail Is Found!

1967 404 Cabrio: My Heart Throb Spotted In Eugene     Paul N

404 Coupe: Franco-Italian Elegance  PN

504 Sedan: One Continent’s French Mercedes and COTY Is Another Continent’s Most Rugged vehicle Is Another Continent’s POS   PN

504 Coupe: The Peak Peugeot Experience   PN

504 Cabrio: The Best Looking French Car Ever?   R Carr

504 Dangel 4×4   PN

1971 304 – A Rare Survivor, But Well Done   PN

304 Cabrio: You Look So Rich!  P. Shoar

604: Overachieving Underachiever   PN

1975 604 Test Drive: The “French Mercedes” Hits The Road, Softly   Richard

305 Break GL: The 505’s Little Brother   PN

1988 405 S: Rare Then, Rarer Now

405 Wagon : We Don’t *Have* To Conquer Africa     Gerardo Solis

1989 505 Wagon: The Last Of The World’s Greatest Wagons

205: The Most Significant Car of the 80s?   Roger Carr

1994  205: Unexpected Greatness

406 Coupe: Last of an Elegant Line  Roger Carr

1999-2010 607: Le Bateau Magnifique   William Stopford

2006-10 407 Coupe: Polarizing Pug   William Stopford


2002 Piaggio Ape Three Wheeler


1965 Porsche 356SC   Aaron65

1969 912   Dave Skinner

1973-1974 914 2.0: Entry Level Porsche 1.0       Robert Kim

The 911: Immortality Attained?

Porsche 928: The Future Of Porsche, Twenty-Five Years Too Soon  Paul N

1985.5 944: The Unconventional Daily Driver  Brendan Saur

1986 944 Turbo: VW’s Loss Is Porsche’s Gain  Tom Klockau

1987 924 S: The Affordable Porsche, Round 2   G. Solis

911 SC (with Honda CRX): Doubly Graced

1991 Carrera 4: Messing With Perfection  Perry Shoar

1992-1995 968: Phoning It In   D.Andreina


Estafette Van (“Hi-Boy”)    Paul N

R4  The First hatchback   PN

R4   David Saunders

1963 Caravelle S: A Francophile’s Underdog, Musty Smell Included In Purchase Price   Aaron65

1966 Caravelle    Jim Grey

R17 Coupe: Hidden Treasure

R10 Sedan: When Being A Better Volkswagen Isn’t Good Enough

1973 R16:     Roger Carr

1979 Renault 5GTL: Style Pioneer  Roger Carr

1980 Renault Master: Does What It Says On The Tin    Roger Carr

Fuego   Paul N

1983 – 1986 R5 Turbo II – Le Monster Car   D. Skinner

1986 Renault Alliance: Patina Royale

1987 GTA: An Alliance Of A Different Stripe

1988 Medallion (R21) The Last One Running In The US? Paul N

2001 Avantime – Renault Builds A Citroen  G. Solis


Saab: The Eulogy   Paul N

1966 Saab Sonett II V4: A Noisy Little Footnote To Automotive History  Paul Niedermeyer

1968 Saab 96: Healing The Emotions, If Not The Company

1970 95 Wagon: Saab Shows Ford How To Make The Shortest Three-Row Wagon

1970 Saab 95 Wagon (Outtake)

1970 96 V4 Sedan  Robert Kim

1971 99   Roger Carr

1973 95 Wagon   Tom Klockau

1990 900 Turbo SPG: The Sun Sets On Saab’s Independence   Eric703

1991 Saab 900: The Quintessential Saab (Capsule)   Brendan Saur

1992 900 (Capsule)  Jim Grey

1992 9000 P.Shoar

1997 900 SE Turbo Convertible: As Good As It Gets   Brendan Saur

1997 9000 CS Aero: The Square Saab   Brendan Saur

2011 9-4X  (Capsule)  Brendan Saur

2011 9-5: Born From Buicks?  Brendan Saur


1956 Aronde (90A): French Training Wheels

Simca 1000  The Franco-Italian Baby Corvair   Paul N

1966 Simca 1301: The Conventional But Good Looking Simca   Roger Carr

Simca Chambord: Brazil’s First V8 – From Flathead to Hemihead   Rubens

1971 Simca 1204: 1971 Small Car Comparison No. 2


2004-06 ForFour  William Stopford

Smart ForFour in Japan JB


Steyr-Puch 500: A Small But Grand Finale To Austria’s Automobile Industry  PN

1972 Pinzgauer   GGH06


1949 T-26 Record Coupe   Tatra87

Tagora: Never A Chrysler, Nearly a Peugeot   Roger Carr

1982 Talbot-Matra Murena 1600   R.Carr


Hans Ledwinkas’s Revolutionary Tatras   PN

Type 603: This Could Have Been The First Post-War Cadillac

Type  613   Jason Shafer


Tempo Three Wheelers: From Motorized Wheelbarrows To Speed Record Holder To Immortality In India  PN


Volga GAZ-21 – Coming Out Of Hibernation

GAZ-24 Volga: The Near-Immortal GM B-Body Of Russia


Kübelwagen and Schwimmwagen    Paul N

1946 Volkswagen Type1: The Beetle Crawls Out Of The Rubble    Paul N

1957 VW 1200: The Beetle Takes America by Sturm   Paul N

1960 Westfalia Camper Bus: On The Bus   PN

1961 Transporter    Paul N

1962 Beetle Canadian Standard: Another Canadian Market Oddball

1962 Type II Single Cab Pickup   Ed Stembridge

1965 Deluxe Microbus “Samba”: Tinnibus

1966 VW 1300: The Best Beetle Of Them All

1968 VW Automatic Stick Shift   Jeremiah Birnbaum

1968 Baja Bug   Dave Skinner

VW EA128 Prototype – The Stillborn 911 Sedan   Paul N

1968 & 2012 Volkswagen Beetles – Kids These Days  Joseph Dennis

1969 VW Type 3 Fastback – In Good Company   Actually Mike

1970 Karmann Ghia: The Fairest Volkswagen Of Them All

1971 411: Searching For Its Niche   Eric703

1971 Super Beetle: 1971 Small Car Comparison No.5

1971 Beetle Carbriolet: Can I Take It Hiking?   Paul N

1973 Formula V Beetle Special Edition   Ed Stembridge

1974 412: VW’s Deadly Sin #1

1974 Thing (Type 181): We Hardly Knew Ye

1975 Rabbit/Golf Mk1   Paul N

1979 Scirocco: Irreplicable, Although VW Keeps Trying

Jetta Mk 1: Slap A Big Butt On The Back For Those Damn Amerikaner!

1980 Pickup (Caddy)   Dave Skinner

1982 Scirocco Mk 2: We Don’t Need No Stinkin’ Italian Designers

1983 Rabbit/Golf GTI: When Fun Hopped Across The Ocean   Eric703

1985 Golf/Jetta Mk2 – Ready, Steady, Golf   Perry Shoar

1986 Cabriolet: What Women Want   Jim Cavanaugh

1986 GTI   (COAL)   Jim Klein

1986 Golf: 360,000 Miles And Still Towing The Boat   PN

1987 Fox (Gol)   Jim Cavanaugh

1988 Vanagon Westfalia: Slow, Expensive, And Loved The World Over

Vanagon Syncro (T3): So Misunderstood    Paul N

1990 Passat Wagon (B3): Practicality Uber Alles

1990 LT 4×4 Westfalia: The Vanagon Synchro’s Gnarly Globe-Trotting Big Brother (And The Ultimate Niedermeyer-Mobile?)

1993 Eurovan (T4)   Tom Klockau

1995 Getta GL Mk3    Jim Klein

1996 GTI: How Did They Get Rid Of The Fahrvergnugen?  Jim Klein

1997 Polo 1.6 Automatic  J.Dutch

2002 Passat W8   Paul N

2003 Passat wagon: Cheap Thrills (Driving Impressions)   Brendan Saur

2003 Golf: What Makes You Think You’re Something Special When You Smile? (My CC)

2012 VW Touareg TDI Lux (COAL)  Jim Klein

2016 Golf 1.0  Rental Car Review  Jim Klein

VW Brazil/Mexico/South America

VW 1600TL: The Brazilian Type 3 is Actually the EA97 Reincarnated   PN

VW Gol: The Difficult Mission To Replace a Legend   Rubens

Volkswagen Gol — Brazil’s Best Selling Car Since 1980  Robert Kim

Brasilia (Capsule)   Robert Kim


PV52 – Solid And Dependable With A Touch Of Glamour

Volvo Duett – The Most Versatile And Practical Volvo Ever  Ingvar

122S  The Cult of the Amazon   Paul N

1964 Volvo P1800S – Transcending Time, Distance And Fashion    PN

1965 Volvo 1800S – Cleared For Takeoff  Joseph Dennis

Volvo PV444 and PV544 – I Roll, Starting Here    PN

1967 Volvo 1800S – Safe Flights, Everyone  Joseph Dennis

1968 122S: Forty Years With an Amazon   AmazonRay

1970 P1800 E    Jim Cavanaugh

1972 Volvo 142E – Another Brick In Eugene

1972 144E: Volvo’s Blueprint For The Next Thirty Years

1973  1800ES: Gone But Not Forgotten (My CC)

1975 164E: The Anglo-Scandanavian

1978 245DL: The Quintessential Volvo

1979 244 DL: Swedish Sense And Sensibility   Brendan Saur

1980 Bertone Coupe: Lost In Translation

1982 244DL: Best Value Box

1984 240GL: Sensible Luxury

Volvo 740 GLE Turbodiesel (Capsule)   Robert Kim

1989 740GL Wagon: Mom’s Jinx (My CC)

1990 740 Turbo (COAL)  Jim Klein

1990 780 Turbo Coupe: An Exotic Automobile For A Practical Consumer  Brendan Saur

1990 780: Rectilinear Luxury By Bertone

1991-1998 940/960: Playing It Safe Brendan Saur

1993 940: Dignified Luxury  Brendan Saur

1993 240 Sedan: Will The Last 240 Turn Out The Lights Please?

1993 850 GLT: Divergent Evolution

2001 C70 Convertible: The Sexy Swede

2016 XC90: It’s A New Dawn, It’s A New Day, It’s A New Life (Driving Impressions)  Brendan Saur


1988-1991 Wartburg 353 1.3    Paul N


The Joke’s On U.S.: The Short, Wild Ride of the Yugo   J. Nelson

1990-91 Yugo Cabriolet

Zaporozhets (ZAZ)

Zaporozhets ZAZ-965/966/968 Models for Wounded Veterans  Robert Kim